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Annotation or definition.
Crude Oil Production
Fuel Products
Fuel oil
Glossary of Energy-Related Terms
History of Oil
Oil Spills in History
Oil Types
Oil Tankers
Oil Tanker Shipping Routes
Oil Pipelines
Types of plant oils
States around the world.
Some Different Kinds of Energy
Types of Motor Oil
Vegetable oil fuel
Using Vegetable Oil as Fuel
A partial list of products made from Petroleum (144 of 6000 items)

Annotation or definition.
What is Oil?
An oil is any neutral, nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (immiscible with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (miscible with other oils, literally "fat loving"). Oils have a high carbon and hydrogen content and are usually flammable and slippery.

What is the plural of oil?
The plural form of oil is oils.

What is a Refinery?

What is the meaning of the word oil?
A viscous liquid derived from petroleum, esp. for use as a fuel or lubricant

Fuel Products

Fuel oil

Fuel oil or heavy oil is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue. Broadly speaking, fuel oil is any liquid fuel that is burned in a furnace or boiler for the generation of heat or used in an engine for the generation of power, except oils having a flash point of approximately 40 °C (104 °F) and oils burned in cotton or wool-wick burners.

Diesel Fuel (#2 Fuel Oil)
Heavy Oils (#5 & #6 Fuel Oils)
Crude Oil
Kerosene (#1 Fuel Oil)
Jet Fuel (JP4 & JP5)
LP Gas

Jet fuel is a mixture of a large number of different hydrocarbons.

Handling Crude Oil Crude oil is a naturally occurring liquid found in formations of the earth. It’s typically extracted by large reciprocating pumps called pump jacks. The crude oil is then refined into fuels such as gasoline, diesel, kerosene, and other fuel oils.

Handling Crude Oil
Handling Gasoline and Light Fuel Oils
Handling #2 & #6 Fuel Oil
Handling LP Gas (Propane)



Organic oils
Mineral oils


Heat transfer
Chemical feedstock

Oil Types

Type 1: Very Light Oils (Jet Fuels, Gasoline)
• Highly volatile (should evaporate within 1-2 days).
• High concentrations of toxic (soluble) compounds.
• Localized, severe impacts to water column and intertidal resources.
• No cleanup possible.

Type 2: Light Oils (Diesel, No. 2 Fuel Oil, Light Crudes)
• Moderately volatile; will leave residue (up to one-third of spill amount) after a few days.
• Moderate concentrations of toxic (soluble) compounds.
• Will "oil" intertidal resources with long-term contamination potential.
• Cleanup can be very effective.

Type 3: Medium Oils (Most Crude Oils)
• About one-third will evaporate within 24 hours.
• Oil contamination of intertidal areas can be severe and long-term.
• Oil impacts to waterfowl and fur-bearing mammals can be severe.
• Cleanup most effective if conducted quickly.

Type 4: Heavy Oils (Heavy Crude Oils, No. 6 Fuel Oil, Bunker C)
• Little or no evaporation or dissolution.
• Heavy contamination of intertidal areas likely.
• Severe impacts to waterfowl and fur-bearing mammals (coating and ingestion).
• Long-term contamination of sediments possible.
• Weathers very slowly.
• Shoreline cleanup difficult under all conditions.

Oil Tanker Shipping Routes

Oil Pipelines

American Pipeline Routes

Asian Pipeline Network Now and in the Future

Some Different Kinds of Energy
Energy can be classified as either stored (potential) energy and working (kinetic) energy. All energy can be measured in “Joules”.

Potential Energy = the energy that an object has as the result of its position or state. Some examples of potential energy include: chemical, elastic, gravitational, magnetic…

Kinetic Energy = the energy that appears in the form of an object’s motion. KE = 1/2mv2. Some examples of kinetic energy include: sound, electrical, light…

Mechanical Energy = kinetic and potential energy (of lifting, bending, stretching or twisting)

The equation is: Gravitational Potential Energy = mgh. Mass = m. The acceleration due to gravity = 9.8m/s2 and h is the distance above the man’s head.

Gravitational Potential Energy = Mass x Gravity x Height
= 0.1 kg x 9.8 m/s2 x 2 m
= 1.96 Joules

Thermal Energy = the total energy of the particles that make up a mass. Thermal energy is internal.
Heat = is a transfer of energy from one part of a substance to another, or from one object to another, because of a difference in temperature. Heat is a form of energy associated with the motion of atoms or molecules and is capable of being transmitted through solid and fluid media by conduction, through fluid media by convection, and through empty space by radiation. Heat is not contained in a mass; an object contains thermal energy. Light Energy = Sometimes called radiant energy and is visible to the human eye. It is emitted by moving charged particles. Light sometimes behaves like particles, called photons, and at other times like waves.
Chemical Energy = The potential energy held in the covalent bonds between atoms in a molecule. Food is essentially stored potential energy.
Nuclear Energy = energy that is released when the nuclei of atoms are split (fission) or fused together (fusion).
Electrical Energy = energy that runs our appliances etc…

The 7 Forms of Energy


Mechanical Energy
Radiant (light energy)
Sound energy
Chemical Energy Food, Fuel, Chemicals, Batteries, Gasoline
Heat Fire
Electrical Energy
Nuclear Energy Fission, Fusion Nuclear power plants Sun is an example

States around the world.
What are examples of various states in various continents around the world?

North American States

  1. Alabama (AL)

  2. Alaska (AK)

  3. Arizona (AZ)

  4. Arkansas (AR)

  5. Alberta (AB)

  6. British Columbia (BC)

  7. California (CA)

  8. Colorado (CO)

  9. Connecticut (CT)

  10. Delaware (DE)

  11. Florida (FL)

  12. Georgia (GA)

  13. Hawaii (HI)

  14. Idaho (ID)

  15. Illinois (IL)

  16. Indiana (IN)

  17. Iowa (IA)

  18. Kansas (KS)

  19. Kentucky (KY)

  20. Louisiana (LA)

  21. Maine (ME)

  22. Maryland (MD)

  23. Massachusetts (MA)

  24. Michigan (MI)

  25. Minnesota (MN)

  26. Mississippi (MS)

  27. Missouri (MO)

  28. Montana (MT)

  29. Manitoba (MB)

  30. Mexico (MX)

  31. Nebraska (NE)

  32. Nevada (NV)

  33. New Hampshire (NH)

  34. New Jersey (NJ)

  35. New Mexico (NM)

  36. New York (NY)

  37. North Carolina (NC)

  38. North Dakota (ND)

  39. New Brunswick (NB)

  40. Newfoundland and Labrador (NL)

  41. Northwest Territories (NT)

  42. Nova Scotia (NS)

  43. Nunavut (NU)

  44. Ohio (OH)

  45. Oklahoma (OK)

  46. Oregon (OR)

  47. Ontario (ON)

  48. Pennsylvania (PA)

  49. Prince Edward Island (PE)

  50. Quebec (QC)

  51. Rhode Island (RI)

  52. South Carolina (SC)

  53. South Dakota (SD)

  54. Saskatchewan (SK)

  55. Tennessee (TN)

  56. Texas (TX)

  57. Utah (UT)

  58. Vermont (VT)

  59. Virginia (VA)

  60. Washington (WA)

  61. West Virginia (WV)

  62. Wisconsin (WI)

  63. Wyoming (WY)

  64. Yukon (YT)
    Asian States

  65. Albania

  66. Andorra

  67. Armenia

  68. Austria

  69. Azerbaijan

  70. Arkhangelsk Oblast

  71. Anhui Province

  72. Afghanistan

  73. Assam

  74. Arunachal Pradesh

  75. Andhra Pradesh

  76. Andaman and Nicober Islands

  77. Balochistan

  78. Bahrain

  79. Bangladesh

  80. Belarus

  81. Belgium

  82. Bhutan

  83. Bihar

  84. Brunei

  85. Bosnia and Herzegovina

  86. Bulgaria

  87. Chechnya

  88. Croatia

  89. Cyprus

  90. Czech Republic

  91. Cambodia

  92. Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

  93. Chhattisgarh

  94. Daman and Diu

  95. Dadra and Nagar Haveli

  96. Dagestan

  97. Denmark

  98. England

  99. Estonia

  100. East Timor

  101. Finland

  102. Fujian Province

  103. France

  104. Gujarat

  105. Goa

  106. Georgia

  107. Germany

  108. Gibraltar

  109. Greece

  110. Gansu Province

  111. Guangdong Province

  112. Guangxi Province

  113. Guizhou

  114. Heilongjiang

  115. Hong Kong

  116. Hubei

  117. Hainan Province

  118. Henan Province

  119. Hunan Province

  120. Himachal Pradesh

  121. Hungary

  122. Inner Mongolia

  123. Indonesia

  124. Iran

  125. Iraq

  126. Iceland

  127. Ireland

  128. Italy

  129. Japan

  130. Jeddah

  131. Jiangxi Province

  132. Jordan

  133. Jiangsu

  134. Jiangxi

  135. Jilin

  136. Jharkhand

  137. Kashmir

  138. Karnataka

  139. Kerala

  140. Kazakhstan

  141. Korea - North

  142. Korea - South

  143. Kyrgyzstan

  144. Kuwait

  145. Kaliningrad Oblast

  146. Lakshadweep

  147. Latvia

  148. Liechtenstein

  149. Lithuania

  150. Luxembourg

  151. Laos

  152. Lebanon

  153. Liaoning Province

  154. Liaoning

  155. Manipur

  156. Mizoram

  157. Maharashtra

  158. Madhya Pradesh

  159. Meghalaya

  160. Malaysia

  161. Maldives

  162. Magadan Oblast

  163. Mongolia

  164. Myanmar

  165. Macedonia

  166. Malta

  167. Medina

  168. Mecca

  169. Moldova

  170. Monaco

  171. Montenegro

  172. NCT of Delhi

  173. Nagaland

  174. Netherlands

  175. Northern Ireland

  176. Norway

  177. Ningxia

  178. Nepal

  179. Oman

  180. Orissa

  181. Puducherry

  182. Punjab

  183. Peshawar

  184. Philippines

  185. Poland

  186. Portugal

  187. Palestine

  188. Qinghai Province

  189. Qinghai

  190. Qatar

  191. Rajasthan

  192. Romania

  193. Sikkim

  194. Syria

  195. Sindh

  196. Singapore

  197. Sri Lanka

  198. Scotland

  199. Serbia

  200. Slovakia

  201. Slovenia

  202. Spain

  203. Sweden

  204. Switzerland

  205. Shaanxi Province

  206. Shandong

  207. Shanxi

  208. Sichuan

  209. Taiwan

  210. Tajikistan

  211. Thailand

  212. Tibet

  213. Tripura

  214. Tamil Nadu

  215. Turkey

  216. Turkmenistan

  217. Ukraine

  218. Uzbekistan

  219. Uttarakhand

  220. United Arab Emirates

  221. Uttar Pradesh

  222. Vietnam

  223. Vatican City

  224. Wales

  225. West Bengal

  226. Xinjiang

  227. Yunnan

  228. Yamalia

  229. Yemen

  230. Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug

  231. Zhejiang

  232. Algeria

  233. Angola

  234. Burundi

  235. Benin

  236. Burkina Faso

  237. Botswana

  238. Cape Verde

  239. Côte d'Ivoire

  240. Comoros

  241. Cameroon

  242. Central African Republic

  243. Chad

  244. Canary Islands

  245. Ceuta

  246. Democratic Republic of the Congo

  247. Djibouti

  248. Egypt

  249. Eritrea

  250. Ethiopia

  251. Equatorial Guinea

  252. Gabon

  253. Gambia

  254. Ghana

  255. Guinea

  256. Guinea-Bissau

  257. Kenya

  258. Liberia

  259. Libya

  260. Lesotho

  261. Madagascar

  262. Malawi

  263. Mauritius

  264. Mayotte

  265. Mozambique

  266. Mali

  267. Mauritania

  268. Madeira

  269. Melilla

  270. Morocco

  271. Niger

  272. Nigeria

  273. Namibia

  274. Réunion

  275. Rwanda

  276. Republic of the Congo

  277. São Tomé and Príncipe

  278. Saint Helena

  279. Senegal

  280. Sierra Leone

  281. Seychelles

  282. Somalia

  283. South Africa

  284. Swaziland

  285. South Sudan

  286. Sudan

  287. Tanzania

  288. Togo

  289. Tunisia

  290. Uganda

  291. Western Sahara

  292. Zambia

  293. Zimbabwe

  294. Northern Territory

  295. South Australia

  296. Queensland

  297. New South Wales

  298. Victoria (Australia)

  299. Western Australian

  300. Tasmania

  301. New Zealand

  302. Acre (Asif Province)

  303. Alagoas

  304. Amapá

  305. Amazonas

  306. Bahia

  307. Buenos Aires Province

  308. Ceará

  309. Chubut Province

  310. Córdoba Province

  311. Goiás

  312. Bolivia

  313. Chile

  314. Colombia

  315. Ecuador

  316. Falkland Islands

  317. French Guiana

  318. Guyana

  319. Paraguay

  320. Peru

  321. Río Negro

  322. Santa Cruz

  323. Santa Fe Province

  324. Salta Province

  325. South Georgia

  326. Suriname

  327. Uruguay

  328. Venezuela

Using Vegetable Oil as Fuel
What is the Difference between Crude Oil and Vegetable Oil? -
Crude oil and vegetable oil are both natural oils, but share very different properties and uses. As a general rule, crude oil refers to oil extracted from the earth, whereas vegetable oil is classed as a food ingredient, used for cooking. -
What is crude oil?-
Crude oil is made up of hydrocarbons and is found buried in the upper strata of the Earth’s sedimentary crust. -
How is crude oil formed?-
What is crude oil used for?-
Once crude oil has been distilled, it can be used for a variety of fuels, including petroleum, jet fuel, diesel fuel, propane and other heating fuels. Crude oil is also an important component of plastic, some clothing products, home insulation and even fertilizers.-
What is vegetable oil?-
Vegetable oil is an oil derived from vegetables or plants, such as corn, olive, sunflower and rapeseed. Vegetable oil consists of fatty acids, including linoleic, palmitic, oleic, etc. Vegetable oil can spoil and turn rancid, which is why anti-oxidants have to be added.-
How do you get vegetable oil?-
Generally speaking, the plant or vegetables are crushed to extract the oil. This is typical of olive oil processing. However, if the oil is difficult to extract, the plant or vegetable is dissolved in a solvent. The oil is then extracted through distillation and any impurities are removed. This is the method used to extract sunflower oil. -
What is vegetable oil used for?-
Vegetable oil is used in cooking. Different oils have varying nutritional values - the healthiest oils are those with low amounts of hydrogenated fats and more unsaturated fats. Vegetable oils that are partially hydrogenated could contain trans fats, which health experts believe that these can cause problems such as heart disease. Typically healthy vegetable oils include olive, canola and rapeseed oils. Less-healthy vegetable oils include palm kernel, coconut and cottonseed oils. -
Some vegetable oils can also be used as fuels, and are considered to be better for the environment, as they are carbon neutral.

A partial list of products made from Petroleum (144 of 6000 items)
What is oil used for?
Some of the more obvious petroleum products include transportation fuels, fuel oils for heating and electricity generation, asphalt and road oil.

However, petroleum is not just used for fuel. Petroleum products are also used to make various plastics, synthetic materials and chemical products; in fact, petroleum can be found in many common household items. Below are some examples.
A partial list of products made from petroleum

A partial list of products made from Petroleum (144 of 6000 items)

One 42-gallon barrel of oil creates 19.4 gallons of gasoline. The rest (over half) is used to make things like:


Diesel fuel

Motor Oil

Bearing Grease


Floor Wax

Ballpoint Pens

Football Cleats





Bicycle Tires

Sports Car Bodies

Nail Polish

Fishing lures



Golf Bags



Dishwasher parts

Tool Boxes

Shoe Polish

Motorcycle Helmet


Petroleum Jelly

Transparent Tape

CD Player

Faucet Washers




Food Preservatives



Vitamin Capsules










Panty Hose



Life Jackets

Rubbing Alcohol



TV Cabinets

Shag Rugs

Electrician's Tape

Tool Racks

Car Battery Cases





Insect Repellent

Oil Filters




Hair Coloring


Toilet Seats

Fishing Rods


Denture Adhesive


Ice Cube Trays

Synthetic Rubber


Plastic Wood

Electric Blankets


Tennis Rackets

Rubber Cement

Fishing Boots


Nylon Rope


Trash Bags

House Paint

Water Pipes

Hand Lotion

Roller Skates

Surf Boards



Paint Rollers

Shower Curtains

Guitar Strings



Safety Glasses


Football Helmets





Ice Chests



CD's & DVD's

Paint Brushes




Sun Glasses


Heart Valves









Artificial Turf

Artificial limbs



Model Cars

Folding Doors

Hair Curlers

Cold cream

Movie film

Soft Contact lenses

Drinking Cups

Fan Belts

Car Enamel

Shaving Cream



Golf Balls



Americans consume petroleum products at a rate of three-and-a-half gallons of oil and more than 
250 cubic feet of natural gas per day each! But, as shown here petroleum is not just used for fuel.

Last Updated: December 16, 2015