|Admissions | Contact Us | Examinations | Grants | Instructors | Lecture | Membership | Students login | Schools | Colleges | Universities | Professional Examinations | Recommendations | Research Grants | Search | Librarians | Forms | Booksellers | Continents/States/Districts | Contracts | Volunteer|
Emergency medico legal case
Is there any conspiracy, harm, intention to cause harm, or abuse in the case scenario?
If yes, involve police, community, state department of law, or others as soon as possible.
This is a case scenario of conspiracy, harm, intention to cause harm, or abuse.
Your consultation/opinion is required.
Proceed for a criminal investigation.
If the child does not have any caregiver, put an ankle or wrist band with emergency identification number on him/her and further details of person managing the case.
How should you diagnose and treat a pediatric emergency?
Emergency pediatric diagnosis and treatment is linked to the age of the patient.
A proper evaluation can rarely be made if the child's age is not known.
Here are further guidelines.
How old is she/he?
What is the child's gender?
What is her/his name?
Where and when was she/he born?
What is her/his father's name?
What is her/his mother's name?
Are they living?
Where are they now?
What is today's date?
What is the source of this history?
What are the sources to verify this history?
What is the reason for consultation?
These are basic questions.
There are many more.
What best describes the diagnosis among the listed diagnoses?
History of Present Illiness
Past Medical History
Pregnancy and Birth History
Review of Systems
Position of child: parent's lap vs. exam table
Head, Eyes, Ears, Nose, Mouth and Throat, Neck, Lungs/Throax
Cardiovascular, Abdomen, Musculoskeletal, Neurologic, GU.
Q: What is a pediatrician?|
Q: What is a Neonatologist?
Q: What kind of training do neonatologists have?
Q: What types of treatments do neonatologists provide?
Q: What's the difference between Med-Peds and Family Practice?
Q: What type of family centric counseling is mandatory before conception?
What is the difference between a neonate, infant, toddler, preschooler,
school ager, teen, and adolescent?|
Newborn or neonate means from birth to 28 days of age.
Infant means less than 1 year of age.
Toddler means 1-3 years of age.
Preschooler means 4-5 years of age.
School age means 6-12 years of age.
Adolescent means 13-18 years of age.
Neonate is an infant.
Teen is an adolescent.
In some regions, one is considered an adolescent up to age 21.
Are normal respiratory rate and normal pulse rate the same for a newborn, infant, toddler, preschooler, school age child, and adolescent?
No, it is not.
What is the normal respiratory rate for a newborn, infant, toddler, preschooler, school age child, and adolescent?
Normal Respiratory Rates
Newborn 30-60 breaths/min
Infant (<1 yr) 30-60
Toddler (1-3yr) 24-40
Preschooler (4-5yr) 22-34
School age child (6-12yr) 18-30
Adolescent (13-18yr) 12-20
What is the normal pulse rate for a newborn, infant, toddler, preschooler, school age child, and adolescent?
Normal Pulse Rates
Newborn () >100
Infant (<1 yr) 100-160
Toddler (1-3yr) 90-150
Preschooler (4-5yr) 80-140
School age child (6-12yr) 70-120
Adolescent (13-18yr) 60-100
What is the lower limit of normal systolic blood pressure in a newborn, infant, toddler, preschooler, school age child, and adolescent?
Lower Limit of Normal Systolic BP
Infant (<1 yr) >60 Or Strong Pulses
Toddler (1-3yr) >70 Or Strong Pulses
Preschooler (4-5yr) >75
School age child (6-12yr) >80
Adolescent (13-18yr) >90
What is expected of a neonate, infant, toddler, preschooler, school ager, teen, and adolescent?
What do you assess to calculate the apgar score in a newborn?
Pulse, respiration, tone, reflex, color.
When do you assess the apgar score in a newborn?
Take score at one minute and five minutes after birth.
Continue every five minutes if newborn is unstable.
Q: Do you, as a medical doctor, pediatrician, or state health care organization endorse newborn screening tests at 24 hours of age in which a heel-prick usually is used to sample the baby's blood for phenylketonuria (PKU), congenital hypothyroidism, galactosemia, sickle cell disease, maple syrup urine disease, homocystinuria, biotinidasedeficiency, tyrosinemia?
Q: What does the term low birth weight mean?
A: Low birth weight means the baby's weight is less than 2,500 grams or approximately 5 pounds.
Q: Who should know about normal child growth and development?
A: A medical doctor, pediatrician, teachers, parents, administrators, head of the state, governing council, and others.
Q: What is child development?
Q: Child development and Child Growth: What's the difference?
Q: What are developmental milestones?
Q: Infant development: What happens from birth to 3 months?
Q: Breast-feeding vs. formula: What's right for your baby?
Q: Breast-feeding: Is your baby getting enough milk?
Q: Do boys and girls grow at different rates?
Toddlers (1-2 years old)
Toddlers (2-3 years old)
Q: What should medical doctors, pediatricians, teachers, and parents include in children's annual community or school health care screening, diagnosis, and treatment?
Preschoolers (3-5 years old)
School age |
Middle Childhood (6-8 years old)
Middle Childhood (9-11 years old)
Teens & adolescents |
Adolescence: 11 - 21 years
Early Adolescence (12-14 years old)
Middle Adolescence (15-17 years old)
Q: What foods do children need?
Q: What Foods Should Be Avoided?
Q: What is puberty?
Q: When does puberty occur?
Q: What determines when puberty begins?
Q: What are the physical changes of puberty?
Q: What other changes in the body occur during puberty?
Q: What are the medical concerns associated with normal puberty?
Q: What are medical conditions associated with early, or late, puberty?
Q: What Are the Major Types of Child Abuse and Neglect?
Reporting Suspected Child Abuse
Sample Report of Suspected Child Abuse and Neglect
1. Nutrition Overview
2. Breast Feeding
3. Infant Formulas
4. Fluids and Electrolytes
5. Failure to Thrive
6. Malnutrition and Vitamin Deficiencies
Criminal activities while making various excuses about orphans or orphanages. |
Questions essential in these situations.
What are the elements of effective case management?
What are various criminal offenses?
When is a person a ward of the state in Kashmir?
Is anyone covering up criminal activities under the excuse of orphans and orphanages?
Are you dealing with repeated criminal conspiracies?
Who is regarded as an orphan?
What information and facts are mandatory to know about an orphan?
What was the age when he or she became an orphan?
Where and when was he or she born?
Does he or she have any brothers or sisters?
Where are they now?
How and where did his or her father die?
How and where did his or her mother die?
How did his or her mother die?
Who are relatives of his father and mother?
What was his age at the time of death?
What were the circumstances of the death?
What was the place of death?
How old was he or she at that point?
Did they tell him or her about the facts?
What was the day, date, month, and year of death?
Who provided and verified this information?
Where is the burial or cremation site?
Who witnessed the burial or cremation?
What was the ethnicity of his father and mother?
What was their mailing address from the time of birth until death?
What are the sources of this information?
Who verified this information?
How credible is the information?
Why will a woman bear a child up to full term and later intentionally abandon that child?
In the past 50 years, obstetrics and gynecology have advanced so much, in addition to global systems and investigative methods. Do you think this is going to remain a secret?
Don't you think hypothetical assumptions will face rebuttal?
What questions need to be answered in this scenario?
Where and when was the child located?
What were the date, time, and place?
What clothes was the child wearing?
What should be listed as the date of birth of the child?
Who should decide what should be listed as the date of birth of the child?
Did the child need any medical resuscitation?
Was the child able to crawl, walk with support, walk without support, write, or speak a word?
Who located the child?
What was done after the child was located?
Was child transferred from another location intentionally?
Who else is involved?
Was the child abducted?
Who abducted the child?
What was the motive behind this?
Who were the previous and subsequent heads of the state, police, judiciary, and concerned departments?
Where are their children now?
Will they prefer to have this happen to their families?
This is what happens when harmful, fraudulent, and incompetent heads of the state and associates are planted to manage administration.
What were the ages of the father, mother, and sibling at the time of death?
What was the cause and location of the death of the father and mother?
What was the cause and location of the death of the sibling?
What is the profile of those who inflicted harms?
If the father and mother were deprived of rights, did the oppressors get punishment?
If the father and mother were killed, did the killers and conspirators get punishment?
If the sibling was killed, did the killers and conspirators get punishment?
In some regions, people intentionally force others into harms and then try to come as saviors.
What should a person answer who tries to get involved in these activities?
Have you answered all relevant questions listed above?
Do you know the difference between a neonate, infant, toddler, preschooler, school ager, teen, and adolescent?
What is the difference between a neonate, infant, toddler, preschooler, school ager, teen, and adolescent?
What is expected of a neonate, infant, toddler, preschooler, school ager, teen, and adolescent?
All of their needs have to be fulfilled from the annual state budget, like any other state resident.
What concepts of law are applicable to any harms relevant to this scenario?
Human rights violation; deprivation of rights under the color of law, and various other concepts of law applicable to these harms.
Who should be punished in this scenario?
From head of the state down the hierarchy.
Q: What is the schedule for vaccination?
Q: Whose schedule and recommendations should be followed?
Q: Are there any regional variations in the schedule and the recommendations?
Q: Can these regional variations be harmful?
Q: What do immunizations do?
Q: What is your immunization policy?
Q: How do I get a copy of my child's immunization record?
Q: Who Needs Immunizations and When?
Q: Which vaccines do pre-teens/adolescents need?
Q: Are there any vaccine side-effects?
Q: Why is vaccinating so important?
Q: What are the ingredients / additives of vaccines?
Q: What vaccines do adults need?
Q: What vaccines do children need?
Q: What diseases do vaccines prevent?
Q: How are vaccine-preventable diseases tracked?
Q: What are some of the common misconceptions about vaccinating?
Q: What would happen if we stopped immunizations?
Q: What is good character?
Q: What is good behavior?
Q: What is normal behavior for a child?
Q: What can I do to change my child's behavior?
Q: How do I stop misbehavior?
Q: How do I use the time-out method?
Q: How do I encourage a new, desired behavior?
Q: What are some good ways to reward my child?
Q: What else can I do to help my child behave well?
Q: What is Discipline?
Q: How Can I Discipline My Child Without Spanking?
Q: How Can I Help My Child Develop Healthy Self-Esteem?
Q: How do children acquire good behavior?
Q: What are the best things about your specialty?|
Q: Why did you choose your specialty?
Q: What types of clinical cases do you commonly see?
Q: Briefly describe a typical day.
Q: What are the varieties of lifestyles within your field?
Q: What are you looking for specifically in an impressive candidate?
Q: What local, regional or international conferences would be of benefit to candidates interested in your program?
Q: How do you see your discipline changing over the next decade?
Do you have better answer?
Do you have a question?
Do you have any questions for me?
Does anyone else have a better answer?
Does anyone else have an answer better than the answers I already have, we have?
Would you like to print Dr. Qureshi's research and development in Pediatrics?
Common Pediatric conditions