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Basic Life Support (BLS)
Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS)
Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS)
Critical Care Transport Program (CCTP)
What is Basic Life Support (BLS)?
Basic Life Support (BLS) refers to the act of supporting an unconscious patient's breathing and circulation in order to preserve their life.

Basic Life Support (BLS)

This course is intended for Health Care Professionals that need a certification for their healthcare field:

This course includes:

* Adult and Child Bag-Mask Technique and Rescue Breathing
* 2-Rescuer CPR Child/Adult
* Adult CPR
* Child CPR
* Infant CPR
* Automated External Defibrillator (AED)
* Choking
* General Concepts

ACLS Course includes:

* BLS Primary Survey and ACLS Secondary Survey
* Airway Management
* Defibrillation
* Rhythm Recognition
* IV Access
* Use of Medications
* Cardioversion
* Transcutaneous Pacing
* 1-rescuer CPR and AED
* Effective Resuscitation Dynamics
* Stoke
* Acute Coronary Syndrome

Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS)
This course covers:

* Recognition and treatment of infants and children at risk for cardiac arrest
* The systematic approach to pediatric assessment
* Effective respiratory management
* Defibrillation and synchronized cardioversion
* Intraosseous access and fluid bolus adminstration
* Effective resusciation team dynamics
BLS Review

1: Which of the following patients would not require immediate basic life support?
A: A child in respiratory arrest
B: A man with a complete airway obstruction
C: An elderly woman with a fractured metatarsal
D: A woman who has severe bleeding from chest injury

2: Patients with terminal illness often prepare legal documents that inform medical providers that when they go into arrest, CPR should not be started. What are these documents called?
A: Run reports
B: Living wills
C: Nursing notes
D: Local protocols

3: Which of the following is not an acceptable reason for you to stop CPR once you have started?
A: The patient starts breathing and you feel a pulse.
B: You are too fatigued and exhausted to continue any longer.
C: A bystander tells you that the patient might have a living will.
D: A physician at the scene assumes responsibility and tells you to stop.

4: What is the most common cause of airway obstruction in an unconscious adult?
A: Inhalation of toxic materials
B: Severe bleeding due to trauma
C: An anaphylactic reaction to a bee sting
D: Relaxation of the muscles of the throat and tongue

5: CPR should be started if a patient has obvious signs of:
A: livor mortis.
B: rigor mortis.
C: putrefaction.
D: head injury with cardiac arrest.

6: If untreated, a patient in respiratory arrest might die due to:
A: hypovolemia.
B: a lack of oxygen.
C: gastric distention.
D: not enough carbon dioxide.

7: Which of the following signs and symptoms does not usually occur when a conscious adult has a sudden foreign body airway obstruction?
A: Cyanosis
B: Sudden chills
C: Inability to speak
D: Grasping at the throat

8: In most instances, cardiac arrest in infants and children results from:
A: electrocution.
B: respiratory arrest.
C: severe head trauma.
D: severe hypothermia.

9: Placing your hands over the xiphoid process when performing chest compressions on an adult can result in:
A: effective CPR.
B: gastric distention.
C: a pulmonary embolus.
D: lacerated abdominal organs.

10: Except when it is absolutely necessary, CPR should not be interrupted for more than how many seconds?
A: 5
B: 10
C: 15
D: 20

1: Which of the following patients would not require immediate basic life support?
CORRECT 0A: A child in respiratory arrest
0B: A man with a complete airway obstruction
XC: An elderly woman with a fractured metatarsal
0D: A woman who has severe bleeding from chest injury
Reason: Airway obstruction, respiratory arrest, and severe bleeding are all life-threatening emergencies that require immediate basic life support measures.
Correct:C

2: Patients with terminal illness often prepare legal documents that inform medical providers that when they go into arrest, CPR should not be started. What are these documents called?
CORRECT 0A: Run reports
XB: Living wills
0C: Nursing notes
0D: Local protocols
Reason: Living wills or advanced directives are legal documents prepared in advance by the patient which provide directions regarding the patient's wishes concerning medical care. Carefully consult your state laws and protocols to determine if living wills are binding in your area.
Correct:B

3: Which of the following is not an acceptable reason for you to stop CPR once you have started?
CORRECT 0A: The patient starts breathing and you feel a pulse.
0B: You are too fatigued and exhausted to continue any longer.
XC: A bystander tells you that the patient might have a living will.
0D: A physician at the scene assumes responsibility and tells you to stop.
Reason: If you begin CPR in the field, you must continue unless one of the following occurs: the patient starts breathing and has a pulse; the patient is transferred to a higher medical authority; you are out of strength or too fatigued to continue; or a physician present assumes responsibility for the patient.
Correct:C

4: What is the most common cause of airway obstruction in an unconscious adult?
CORRECT 0A: Inhalation of toxic materials
0B: Severe bleeding due to trauma
0C: An anaphylactic reaction to a bee sting
XD: Relaxation of the muscles of the throat and tongue
Reason: An unconscious adult loses the ability to protect his or her airway. The muscles of the throat and tongue relax and can fall back into the throat, causing airway obstruction.
Correct:D

5: CPR should be started if a patient has obvious signs of: CORRECT 0A: livor mortis.
0B: rigor mortis.
0C: putrefaction.
XD: head injury with cardiac arrest.
Reason: Livor mortis, rigor mortis, and putrefaction are all indications of irreversible death. A patient who has a head injury and is in cardiac arrest definitely needs CPR.
Correct:D

6: If untreated, a patient in respiratory arrest might die due to:
CORRECT 0A: hypovolemia.
XB: a lack of oxygen.
0C: gastric distention.
0D: not enough carbon dioxide.
Reason: A patient will die from a lack of oxygen, along with too much carbon dioxide, in the blood.
Correct:B

7: Which of the following signs and symptoms does not usually occur when a conscious adult has a sudden foreign body airway obstruction?
CORRECT 0A: Cyanosis
XB: Sudden chills
0C: Inability to speak
0D: Grasping at the throat
Reason: Signs of airway obstruction include the following: grasping the throat, inability to speak or cough, cyanosis, and exaggerated efforts to breathe.
Correct:B

8: In most instances, cardiac arrest in infants and children results from:
CORRECT 0A: electrocution.
XB: respiratory arrest.
0C: severe head trauma.
0D: severe hypothermia.
Reason: With infants and children, full cardiac arrest results from respiratory arrest. If uncorrected, respiratory arrest will lead to cardiac arrest and death.
Correct:B

9: Placing your hands over the xiphoid process when performing chest compressions on an adult can result in: CORRECT 0A: effective CPR.
0B: gastric distention.
0C: a pulmonary embolus.
XD: lacerated abdominal organs.
Reason: Placing your hands over the xiphoid process when performing chest compressions on an adult can result in lacerated abdominal organs.
Correct:D

10: Except when it is absolutely necessary, CPR should not be interrupted for more than how many seconds?
CORRECT XA: 5
0B: 10
0C: 15
0D: 20
Reason: Except when absolutely necessary, CPR should not be interrupted for more than 5 seconds.
Correct:A

Last Updated: October 26, 2016